They also had a national impact, since they reported to similarly constituted provincial committees, which in turn reported to the Ministry of Local Government. The MDC's first test came in February at a national referendum for constitutional changes strongly pro-regime. The tussle between these groups has even greater poignancy in former settler colonies than it had a generation earlier in former colonies north of the Limpopo, for the simple reason that the central legacy of settler colonialism — the land question — remained unresolved and explosive after independence. The opposition mounted a legal challenge to the results while the Commonwealth suspended Zimbabwe for one year. At first, Mugabe insisted that the results were a mandate to establish a one-party state. The name Rhodesia was common usage by Untilthe government's hands were tied by the Lancaster House accords. However, the government continued to move slowly and not until April was it announced that 70 farms, totalingacres, would be purchased. While multiracial democracy was finally introduced to Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland, however, Southern Rhodesians of European ancestry continued to enjoy minority rule. The Legislative Council passed the constitution bill in November, and Rhodesia declared itself a republic on 2 March Little is known of the early ironworkers, but it is believed that they were farmers, herdsmen, and hunters who lived in small groups.
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